Multi-face tracking in unconstrained videos is a challenging problem as faces of one person often appear drastically
different in multiple shots due to significant variations in scale, pose, expression, illumination, and make-up. Existing multi-target tracking methods often use low-level features which are not sufficiently discriminative for identifying faces with such large appearance variations. In this paper, we tackle this problem by learning discriminative, video-specific face representations using convolutional neural networks (CNNs). Unlike existing CNN-based approaches which are only trained on large-scale face image datasets offline, we use the contextual constraints to generate a large number of training samples for a given video, and further adapt the pre-trained face CNN to specific videos using discovered training samples. Using these training samples, we optimize the embedding space so that the Euclidean distances correspond to a measure of semantic face similarity via minimizing a triplet loss function. With the learned discriminative features, we apply the hierarchical clustering algorithm to link tracklets across multiple shots to generate trajectories. We extensively evaluate the proposed algorithm on two sets of TV sitcoms and YouTube music videos, analyze the contribution of each component, and demonstrate significant performance improvement over existing techniques.
- Shun Zhang, Jia-Bin Huang, Jongwoo Lim, Yihong Gong, Jinjun Wang, Narendra Ahuja, and Ming-Hsuan Yang, Tracking Persons-of-Interest via Unsupervised Representation Adaptation, International Journal of Computer Vision 128 (1), 96-120, 2020.